- Where Lord Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana

Kushinagar is another great Buddhist pilgrimage where Lord Buddha after preaching truth, peace and ultimate knowledge for around 35 years, attained Mahaparinirvana, the ultimate release of soul.
The pastoral landscape of Kushinagar during the time of Buddha served the capital of Mallas as Kushinara. It was one of the major sixteen Mahajanapadas of ancient India.
The Chinese travelers Fa Hien and Hieun Tsang have also mentioned Kushinagar in their travelogues. Kushinagar went in oblivion due to various attacks and was brought into light by General A. Cunningham and A.C.L. Carleyle who, after excavating the site in 1861, established its antiquity for the first time.
Later, between 1904 and 1912, several excavations conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India at Kushinagar confirmed its identity. The Buddhist heritage resting in the region of Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh is as follows.

Mahaparinirvana Temple – Mahaparinirvana Temple in Kushinagar symbolizes the actual meaning of the site, which is the ultimate release of the soul. The temple dwells around a 6.10 meter long statue of ailing Buddha in reclining posture. The gilded statue is actually carved from Chunar Stone. The inscription below dates the statue to the fifth century.

Nirvana Stupa – This 2.74 meter high Nirvana Stupa is a brick stupa enshrining the relics of Lord Buddha. Explored and exposed by Carlyle in 1876, this stupa yielded a copper vessel bearing an inscription in ancient Brahmi, which stated that Lord Buddha's remains had been deposited here.

Ramabhar Stupa – Referred in ancient Buddhist texts as Muktabandhana Chaitya, Ramabhar Stupa marks the site where Lord Buddha was cremated. This 15 meter high stupa is located just 1.5 km away from Mahaparinirvana Temple and is revered worldwide for its Buddhist heritage.

Mathakuar Shrine – Mathakuar Temple is another revered Buddhist Heritage Site of Kushinagar. The stone image of Lord Buddha in the Bhumi Sparsh Mudra (earth touching posture) under the 'Bodhi tree' and the ruins of a monastery were excavated here.

Wat Thai Temple – As the name suggests, Wat Thai Temple is a Thai Buddhist Temple located in the center of Kushinagar. Built over the area of 10 acres, this temple represents the Thai architecture and adds on to the vivid Buddhist heritage of Kushinagar.

Govt. Buddha Museum - The Buddha Museum preserves the archaeological finds from the site excavations at Kushinagar and contributes to the protection of important Buddhist heritage of the site.

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